Caran

Introduction

This saint is known from place-names and from his appearance in a few Scottish calendars. Balfour Paul mentions a fair to Caran in Anstruther on 23rd Dec (Paul, fairs, 166). In the record of this fair in RMS, however, it is unclear whether it is in die S Tarani or Carani (the T and C are indistinguishable in this hand). If it is Tarani it may be a garbling of *Eternani (ie Ethernan / Adrian of May who is dedicatee of the parish kirk of Anstruther (RMS iv no. 2032). Mackinlay wonders if Caran is a Scottish manifestation of the Welsh saint Caron of Tregaron, of which it has been said: ‘St Caron…is justifiably obscure: it seems probable that he was invented no earlier than the fifteenth century by combining a place name, a story from Geoffrey of Monmouth’s Historia Regum Britanniae, and the feast-day of an entirely separate Irish saint.’ (Jankulak 2007, 107) A bishop Cairin appears in a marginal note in the Book of Leinster (CGSH 725).

Gender

Male

Related Saints

Belongs to the group Caran (ns) (certain)

Feast days

Day of Year

Dec 23

Calendar

Fowlis Easter Breviary, NLS MS 21247

Source code

Fowlis Easter Brev.

Source title

Fowlis Easter Breviary, NLS MS 21247

Notes

Fowlis Easter Fowlis Easter Breviary, NLS MS 21247

Quote from source

S. Karrani epi & conf

Day of Year

Dec 23

Calendar

Glenorchy Psalter, BL Egerton 2899

Source code

Glenorchy psalter

Source title

Glenorchy Psalter, BL Egerton 2899

Notes

Glenorchy psalter The Glenorchy Psalter (British Library, Egerton 2899)

Quote from source

Kalani ab

Day of Year

Dec 23

Calendar

Kalendarium Breviarii Aberdonensis

Source code

K. Brev. Ab.

Source title

Kalendarium Breviarii Aberdonensis

Editors

Forbes, A. P.

Secondary Title

Kalendar of Scottish Saints

Pages

111-124

Year

1872

Notes

Kal. Brev. Ab. Kalendarium Breviarii Aberdonensis, in Forbes 1872, 111-124

Quote from source

Carani epi cfe