Comgall m. Sétna of Bangor

Other names

Comgall of Bangor

Introduction

Comgall was born in either 516 or 520 and founded the monstery of Bangor in 555 (AU 555.3 Eclesia Bennchuir fundata est ‘The church of Bennchor was founded.’). It became one of the most influential monasteries in Ireland, with nearly all the early abbots appearing in AU and the early Irish martyrologies. It was particularly associated with the Dál nAraide, just as the monastery of Moville, close by, was associated with the Dál Fiatach, but it had links also with Scotland (one of Bangor’s abbots, Mael Ruba established the monastery of Applecross in 673), with Leinster (the monastery of Ard Crema in Co. Wexford, for example)and with Derry (the monastery of Camus). Columbanus was a monk at Bangor before he left for the continent around 591. Comgall appears several times in Adomnán’s Life of Columba (VC 1.49; III.13; III.17), once – with Brendan, Cainnech, Cormac and Columba - on Hinba (VC III.17). In his own Life he founds a monastery on Tiree (‘in regione Heth’) (Plummer 1910 vol ii, 11). He is claimed as one of the 12 apostles of Ireland (CGSH 402) and is equated with the apostle James (CGSH 712.11). One of the earliest known texts from the Irish church, the Antiphonary of Bangor, contains hymns in his honour. The tract on the mothers of saints claims his sister was the mother of Mael Ruba of Applecross (722.86)

Gender

Male

Associated places

Bennchor (Bangor, Co. Down)

Obituary

AU 601.3 Sic inueni in Libro Cuanach. Bellum Slenne & bellum Cule Coil; & pausa Comghaill & mors Oddach m. Aedha in isto anno {§H}perfecta esse.§ ‘Thus I have found in the book of Cuanu: The battle of Slemain and the battle of Cúil Caíl; and the repose of Comgall, and the death of Uatu son of Aed happened this year.’ AU 602.1 Quies Comghaill Bennchair. ‘Repose of Comgall of Bennchor.’

Genealogies

He is among the Dál nAraide in CGSH (Rec. Mai. 97) and is elsewhere promoted as their special saint: in connections made between tribes and saints Dál nAraide is ‘iar cúl Comgaill’ (the Uí Néill is with Columba, the Ulaid with Finnian of Moville, and Clan Connachta with Ciaran )(CGSH 729.2).

Related Saints

Belongs to the group Comgall (ns)

Related Personal Names

Name

Comgall (certain)

Name

Congal (certain)

This is his usual name in Scottish sources.

Feast days

Day of Year

May 10

Calendar

Martyrology of Tallaght

Source code

Mart.T

Source title

Martyrology of Tallaght

Editors

Best, R. I. and Lawlor, H. J.

Year

1931

Notes

From the Book of Lesinter and MS 5100-4 in the Royal Library, Brussels.

Quote from source

Comgaill Bennchair .xci. anno aetatis eius principatus autem .i. anno et mense iii et decimo die

Day of Year

May 10

Calendar

Martyrology of Oengus the Culdee

Source code

Mart. O

Source title

Martyrology of Oengus the Culdee

Editors

Stokes, Whitley

Year

1905

Notes

Full title is Félire Óengusso Céli Dé, The Martyrology of Oengus the Culdee, critically edited from Ten Manuscripts, with a Preface, Translation, Notes and Indices.

Quote from source

Comgall búadach Bennchuir 'Comgall, the gifted, of Bangor'

Day of Year

May 10

Calendar

Martyrology of Gorman

Source code

Mart. G

Source title

Martyrology of Gorman

Editors

Stokes, Whitley

Year

1895

Notes

Full title is Félire Húi Gormáin, The Martyrology of Gorman edited from a manuscript in the Royal library, Brussels, with a preface, translation, notes and indices. It is published by the Henry Bradshaw Society.

Quote from source

in cráibdech cruaid Comgall 'the devout hardy Comgall' gloss: abb Benncair Uladh

Day of Year

May 10

Calendar

The Martyrology of Donegal

Source code

Mart. Do.

Source title

The Martyrology of Donegal

Editors

Todd, J. H.

Year

1864

Notes

Other author to be specified.

Quote from source

Comhgall, abb Bennchuir Ulad. Do síol Ireoil, mic Conaill Charnaig dó. etc

Day of Year

May 10

Calendar

Calendar of Saints by Thomas Dempster

Source code

K. Dempster

Source title

Calendar of Saints by Thomas Dempster

Editors

Forbes, A. P.

Secondary Title

Kalendar of Scottish Saints

Pages

177-229

Year

1872

Quote from source

Combas monasterio Congelli abbatis, qui Benchorensem in Hibernia familiam, amplius quam mille monachis ibi collocatis, fundavit. ML.

Notes

cf Reeves, VC, p 96-7. Cambas was a monastery founded by Comgall in Derry. In 938 a Muirecertach Camsa was abbot of Bangor.

Day of Year

May 10

Calendar

The Calendar of Fearn: text and additions, 1471-1667

Source code

Calendar of Fearn

Author

Adam, R. J.

Source title

The Calendar of Fearn: text and additions, 1471-1667

Series

Scottish Historical Society

Year

1991

Quote from source

Congalli abbatis

Day of Year

May 10

Calendar

Scottish Entries in the Martyrology of Aberdeen

Source code

Mart. Ab.

Source title

Scottish Entries in the Martyrology of Aberdeen

Editors

Forbes, A. P.

Secondary Title

Kalendar of Scottish Saints

Pages

125-137

Year

1872

Notes

Mart. Ab. Scottish Entries in the Martyrology of Aberdeen, in Forbes 1872, 125-137

Quote from source

In Scocia Sancti Congalli abbatis apud monasterium de Drumcongal cuius merita longe lateque diffusa miraculis non desunt clarere impolluta mente calcauit et immerito qui presentis vite infamiam et immundicie calumniam tanquam Christi pauper paupertatis et paciencie posterum prebebat exemplum.

Day of Year

May 10

Calendar

Calendar of Saints by David Chambers

Source code

K. Camerarius

Author

Chambers, D.

Source title

Calendar of Saints by David Chambers

Editors

Forbes, A. P.

Secondary Title

Kalendar of Scottish Saints

Pages

233-243

Year

1872

Quote from source

Santus Congallus Abbas Rathurelfigi monasterij in Scotia

Notes

Rathurelfigi might be a version of the Rathmelsigi which appears in Bede, HE iii.27. It was a monastery in Ireland where the English noble Egbert studied c664. Egbert died 729. Hogan notes a Colmán of R. on Dec 14 and says, on basis of Colgan’s Acta Sanctorum Hiberniae, 793, that it is in Connacht. [MT Dec 14 is missing. In MG there is a marginal note - ‘Colmán o Ráith Maoilside’] Sharpe 1995 349 says it is Clonmelsh in Co. Carlow, following O Croinin 1984 (Peritia 3). Others have suggested the site of Mellifont, Co. Louth.

Day of Year

May 12

Calendar

Kalendarium Breviarii Aberdonensis

Source code

K. Brev. Ab.

Source title

Kalendarium Breviarii Aberdonensis

Editors

Forbes, A. P.

Secondary Title

Kalendar of Scottish Saints

Pages

111-124

Year

1872

Notes

Kal. Brev. Ab. Kalendarium Breviarii Aberdonensis, in Forbes 1872, 111-124

Quote from source

Co(n)galli ab.

Notes

The entry is deleted in the NLS edition.

Day of Year

May 12

Calendar

Calendar of Adam King

Source code

Adam King

Author

Adam King

Source title

Calendar of Adam King

Editors

A.P.Forbes

Secondary Title

Kalendar of Scottish Saints

Pages

141-171

Year

1872

Quote from source

S. Congall abot of haliwode and conf. in scotland vnder king malcome 2. 1013.

Day of Year

May 12

Calendar

Calendar of Saints by Thomas Dempster

Source code

K. Dempster

Source title

Calendar of Saints by Thomas Dempster

Editors

Forbes, A. P.

Secondary Title

Kalendar of Scottish Saints

Pages

177-229

Year

1872

Quote from source

Monasterio Sacri Nemoris Haly VVoode Congalli abbatis, religiosa continentia clari. K.

Notes

K = Adam King. See also March 10 and May 10.