Oswald king of Northumbria

Introduction

Oswald was a powerful English king of the seventh century. After a period of exile among the Gaels he returned to his native Northumbria, defeated the British ruler Cadwallon ap Cadfan, and brought together the kingdoms of Bernicia and Deira. Bede promotes Oswald as a saintly king. It was he who brought Gaels from Iona to Lindisfarne to help promote Christianity. He was killed in 642 by Penda of the Mercians. His dismembered body-parts were dispersed, helping to diffuse his cult: his head was at Lindisfarne (then Durham), his arms were at Bamburgh (also Ely, Durham and Gloucester) and his body was buried at Oswestry, and then translated to Bardney (ODS, 379-80).

Gender

Male

Associated places

Northumberland

Obituary

642

Territory or Ethnicity (broad)

Anglo-Saxon

Related Saints

Belongs to the group Oswald (ns)

Related Personal Names

Name

Oswald

Feast days

Day of Year

August 5

Calendar

Martyrology of Oengus the Culdee

Source code

Mart. O

Source title

Martyrology of Oengus the Culdee

Editors

Stokes, Whitley

Year

1905

Notes

Full title is Félire Óengusso Céli Dé, The Martyrology of Oengus the Culdee, critically edited from Ten Manuscripts, with a Preface, Translation, Notes and Indices.

Quote from source

la hOsualt nóeb náilme, ardrí Saxan sóerdae

Notes

There are various alternative readings – huasal, hosualt, osualt, lasoalt .i. la hosulat etc. notes in F: Osualt .i. Lann fina mac Ossa. [Stokes notes that here the scholast confounds Oswald with Aldfrid]

Day of Year

August 5

Calendar

Martyrology of Tallaght

Source code

Mart.T

Source title

Martyrology of Tallaght

Editors

Best, R. I. and Lawlor, H. J.

Year

1931

Notes

From the Book of Lesinter and MS 5100-4 in the Royal Library, Brussels.

Quote from source

Osuualdi regis et aliorum .ii.

Day of Year

August 5

Calendar

Martyrology of Gorman

Source code

Mart. G

Source title

Martyrology of Gorman

Editors

Stokes, Whitley

Year

1895

Notes

Full title is Félire Húi Gormáin, The Martyrology of Gorman edited from a manuscript in the Royal library, Brussels, with a preface, translation, notes and indices. It is published by the Henry Bradshaw Society.

Quote from source

Osuald

Day of Year

Oct 8

Notes

Translation feast at Evesham and Gloucester