Constantine son of Paternus of the Aberdeen Breviary

Introduction

This Constantine son of Paternus is known only from the Aberdeen Breviary. He is a composite figure whose story contains elements from traditions relating to several other Constantines, some more holy than others. The closest match is with the Constantine of Rahan described in Mart O notes in RB512. Both are British and both forsake their kingdoms to be employed in manual labour in a monastery in Ireland. Residence in a monastery is also found in the profile of Constantine son of Aed (St Andrews), and martyrdom is shared with Constantine son of Cinaed. Constantine son of Paternus is said to have been martyred in Kintyre – surely a reflection of the dedication there to St Constantine at Kilchousland. Constantine son of Áed had an indirect link with Kintyre in that his father is claimed, in some stanzas in AU, to have come from there: AU 878.3 Aed a crichaib Cinn Tire, ‘Aed from the lands of Cenn Tíre’. The Constantine of the Aberdeen Breviary is linked both to Columb Cille (as many saints are) and Kentigern (cf Constantine son of Rhydderch Hael).

Gender

Male

Obituary

Obiit autem circa annos Domini quingentos septuaginta sex. ‘He died around 576.’ (Brev. Ab.)

Related Saints

Belongs to the group Constantine (ns)

Same as Constantine of the Britons (possible)

Feast days

Day of Year

Dec 22

Calendar

Calendar of Saints by David Chambers

Source code

K. Camerarius

Author

Chambers, D.

Source title

Calendar of Saints by David Chambers

Editors

Forbes, A. P.

Secondary Title

Kalendar of Scottish Saints

Pages

233-243

Year

1872

Quote from source

Sanctus Constantinus Rex, huius nominis tertius, humanae vitae odio inflammatus regno se abdicauit, vitamque suam Deo in Coenobio D. Andreae consecrauit, in quo postea gloriosam mortem confecit.

Day of Year

March 11

Calendar

Kalendarium Breviarii Aberdonensis

Source code

K. Brev. Ab.

Source title

Kalendarium Breviarii Aberdonensis

Editors

Forbes, A. P.

Secondary Title

Kalendar of Scottish Saints

Pages

111-124

Year

1872

Notes

Kal. Brev. Ab. Kalendarium Breviarii Aberdonensis, in Forbes 1872, 111-124

Quote from source

Costantini Regis & mart

Day of Year

March 11

Calendar

Kalendarium de Arbuthnott

Source code

K. Arbuthnott

Source title

Kalendarium de Arbuthnott

Editors

Forbes, A. P.

Secondary Title

Kalendar of Scottish Saints

Pages

95-108

Year

1872

Quote from source

Constantini Regis & maris

Day of Year

March 11

Calendar

Scottish Entries in the Martyrology of Aberdeen

Source code

Mart. Ab.

Source title

Scottish Entries in the Martyrology of Aberdeen

Editors

Forbes, A. P.

Secondary Title

Kalendar of Scottish Saints

Pages

125-137

Year

1872

Notes

Mart. Ab. Scottish Entries in the Martyrology of Aberdeen, in Forbes 1872, 125-137

Quote from source

In Scotia natalis Sancti Constantini Regis et martyris de quo ecclesia de Gowan Kenneil et Dunnechtyn: qui aureo dyademate relicto spretis vndique huius lacrimabilis vallis vanis oblectamentis de terreno rege celestis regis volens esse sectator et nuncius barbarice gentis non veritus feritatem exosa ieiuniis membra apud Kentyr Christum confitendo glorioso obtulit martyrio vt eterno frueretur

Day of Year

March 11

Calendar

Calendar of Adam King

Source code

Adam King

Author

Adam King

Source title

Calendar of Adam King

Editors

A.P.Forbes

Secondary Title

Kalendar of Scottish Saints

Pages

141-171

Year

1872

Quote from source

Constantin king of Scotland was Monke and mart. vnder king Eugenius 3.

Day of Year

March 11

Calendar

Calendar of Saints by David Chambers

Source code

K. Camerarius

Author

Chambers, D.

Source title

Calendar of Saints by David Chambers

Editors

Forbes, A. P.

Secondary Title

Kalendar of Scottish Saints

Pages

233-243

Year

1872

Quote from source

Sanctus Constantinus Martyr & Scotorum Rex secundus hoc nomine.

Day of Year

March 11

Calendar

Calendar of Saints by Thomas Dempster

Source code

K. Dempster

Source title

Calendar of Saints by Thomas Dempster

Editors

Forbes, A. P.

Secondary Title

Kalendar of Scottish Saints

Pages

177-229

Year

1872

Quote from source

Ad S. Andreae Constantini III. Regis, qui monasticae quieti sceptrum postposuit. K. [K = Adam King]

Day of Year

March 11

Calendar

Scottish Kalendar

Source code

Scottish Kalendar

Source title

Scottish Kalendar

Editors

Forbes, A. P.

Secondary Title

Kalendar of Scottish Saints

Pages

247-258

Year

1872

Quote from source

Const. 3. King

Day of Year

March 11

Calendar

Fowlis Easter Breviary, NLS MS 21247

Source code

Fowlis Easter Brev.

Source title

Fowlis Easter Breviary, NLS MS 21247

Notes

Fowlis Easter Fowlis Easter Breviary, NLS MS 21247

Quote from source

S' Constantini regis et martiris

Day of Year

March 11

Calendar

‘Dean Brown’s Book of Hours’

Source code

K. Dean Brown

Author

McRoberts, D

Source title

‘Dean Brown’s Book of Hours’

Journal

Innes Review vol xix, 2

Volume

xix

Year

1968

Notes

This was written for James Brown, Dean of Aberdeen in the last decade of the fifteenth century. D. McRoberts, D., ‘Dean Brown’s Book of Hours’ in Innes Review vol. xix, 2, 1968.

Quote from source

Constantini regis et martiris

Day of Year

March 11

Calendar

Glenorchy Psalter, BL Egerton 2899

Source code

Glenorchy psalter

Source title

Glenorchy Psalter, BL Egerton 2899

Notes

Glenorchy psalter The Glenorchy Psalter (British Library, Egerton 2899)

Quote from source

S Constnatine reg