Tongland, parish

Grid reference

NX 697 539 (accurate position)

Six-figure easting & northing

269700 553900





Nearby places

Kirkcudbright, parish (1.79 miles)

Kirkcudbright, eccles., Kirkcudbright (1.79 miles)

Angel Hill, Kirkcudbright (1.83 miles)

Kirkchrist, settlement, Twynholm (2.02 miles)

Twynholm, parish (2.05 miles)

Object Classification

Parish (extant in 1975)

Is linear feature?



NGR for Tongland Abbey, which includes part of the old parish kirk of Tongland.

Relationships with other parishes

Contains Balnacross, former parish, Tongland

Parish details

Tongland TON now contains Barncrosh BXC.

Parish TLA




Medieval diocese


Parish notes

Granted to Holyrood Abbey by Uchtred prince of Galloway 1160x1164, the church was confirmed to uses of the abbey by John bp. of Galloway 1189x1206 (Holyrood Liber nos. 27, 49; App. i no.1). The church was re-confirmed to Holyrood by Alan of Galloway (died 1234), but it is evident that on the foundation of the monastery of Tongland [Premonstratensian] by Alan c.1218 the revenues of the parish church must have been transferred to the new foundation, to which the parsonage revenues henceforward pertained, while the vicarage appears to have been served by one of the canons of the abbey (ibid. no.73; Cowan and Easson 1976, 103; RMS v no. 782; GRH Chrs. no. 2126; APS iv, 308). Note that Barncrosh in Tongland seems to have had parochial status in the 12th century: Between 11723 and 1174 King William grants to Holyrood Abbey the churches or chapels in Galloway (in Galweia) in which Iona Abbey has proprietary right (que ad ius abbatie de Hij Columchille pertinent), with all teinds and other benefits (beneficiis), viz the church of Kirchecormach [medieval parish, now in Kelton], and ‘ecclesiam Sancti Andree' [= Balmaghie] and that of Balencros [Barncrosh, in Tongland] BXC and that of Cheletun [Kelton] KTN. RRS ii no. 141.