Finan of Lindisfarne

Other names

Fínán m. Rimeda

Introduction

The main source for this saint is Bede where we learn that on the death of Aidan he was sent from Iona to be bishop of Lindisfarne (HE iii.17). He baptised Peada of Mercia and Sigebert of the East Saxons, and installed as bishops Diuma of the Middle Angles and Cedd of the East Saxons (HE iii.21-22). He was not converted to the ‘true’ observance of Easter, despite the entreaties of Ronán (HE iii.25). The Irish annals contain only one record of the death of a bishop of this name – a son of Rímed - , and since it matches the chronology given in Bede we may suppose that this is the bishop of Lindisfarne. In Scottish calendars he is understood to belong to Feb 17th. This is certainly the case in Brev. Ab., less clearly elsewhere. The earliest attestation of a bishop (Finian) on this day is in Glenorchy psalter, but here he is not linked to Lindisfarne and he is called Finian, which is an unrelated name. In the Irish calendars Feb 17th is the day of Fintan of Clonenagh, with whom there has perhaps been some confusion. The names Fínán and Fintan are not related and are correctly separated into two separate individuals in Adam King and Dempster.

Associated places

Iona (where he came from; Lindisfarne.

Obituary

AU 660.1 Obitus Finnani episcopi filii Rimedo AT 660.1 Finaín maic Rimedha, espuic

Genealogies

Thomas Charles-Edwards notes the following: ‘The father’s name is odd: Rímid, gen Rímeda means ‘counter, enumerator’ and is known as the epithet of the Cenél nEogain king Colmán Rímid; his obit, 604.1 makes it just possible that this bishop was his son; the mother of Aldfrith is said to have been a daughter of Colmán Rímid (CGH i.135, 140 a 39-40)’ (Charles-Edwards, Annals, 151)

Related Saints

Belongs to the group Fínán (ns)

Belongs to the group Findbarr, Bairrfind, Bairre, Uinniau, Finnén etc (ns) (possible)

Related Personal Names

Name

Fínán (certain)

Feast days

Day of Year

Feb 17

Calendar

Kalendarium Breviarii Aberdonensis

Source code

K. Brev. Ab.

Source title

Kalendarium Breviarii Aberdonensis

Editors

Forbes, A. P.

Secondary Title

Kalendar of Scottish Saints

Pages

111-124

Year

1872

Notes

Kal. Brev. Ab. Kalendarium Breviarii Aberdonensis, in Forbes 1872, 111-124

Quote from source

Finnani epi et cf ix lec.

Notes

The lessons make it clear that Finan of Lindisfarne is meant. In the Irish calendars Fintan of Clonenagh is on this day. A Finian is added to the K. Ab. Brev. NLS copy on this day

Day of Year

Jan 8

Calendar

Martyrology of Tallaght

Source code

Mart.T

Source title

Martyrology of Tallaght

Editors

Best, R. I. and Lawlor, H. J.

Year

1931

Notes

From the Book of Lesinter and MS 5100-4 in the Royal Library, Brussels.

Quote from source

Finani episcopi

Notes

It is the gloss in MG that suggests that this refers to Finan of Lindisfarne

Day of Year

Jan 8

Calendar

Martyrology of Gorman

Source code

Mart. G

Source title

Martyrology of Gorman

Editors

Stokes, Whitley

Year

1895

Notes

Full title is Félire Húi Gormáin, The Martyrology of Gorman edited from a manuscript in the Royal library, Brussels, with a preface, translation, notes and indices. It is published by the Henry Bradshaw Society.

Quote from source

Fínan gloss .i. mac Rimhedha, epscop

Notes

AU 660.1 Obitus Finnani episcopi filii Rimedo. This may be Finan of Lindisfarne. Charles-Edwards notes the double nn 'as if it were from find, 'fair', but AT has a single n - the Irish genitive Finain.

Day of Year

Jan 8

Calendar

The Martyrology of Donegal

Source code

Mart. Do.

Source title

The Martyrology of Donegal

Editors

Todd, J. H.

Year

1864

Notes

Other author to be specified.

Quote from source

Fionan, mac Rimheabha, epscop, Aois Crist, 659.

Day of Year

Feb 17

Calendar

Glenorchy Psalter, BL Egerton 2899

Source code

Glenorchy psalter

Source title

Glenorchy Psalter, BL Egerton 2899

Notes

Glenorchy psalter The Glenorchy Psalter (British Library, Egerton 2899)

Quote from source

Finian b. & c

Day of Year

Feb 17

Calendar

Scottish Entries in the Martyrology of Aberdeen

Source code

Mart. Ab.

Source title

Scottish Entries in the Martyrology of Aberdeen

Editors

Forbes, A. P.

Secondary Title

Kalendar of Scottish Saints

Pages

125-137

Year

1872

Notes

Mart. Ab. Scottish Entries in the Martyrology of Aberdeen, in Forbes 1872, 125-137

Quote from source

In Scocia Sancti Finiani presbyteri et confessoris magne virtutis viri.

Notes

This is similar to the entry in Mart. Usuard: In scotia, sancti fintani presbiteri et confessoris, magnae virtutis viri. The following is added by later commentators: Rosweyd has Finiani instead of Fintani Aquicinct has Finani instead of Fintani Greven adds In Scotia, Fimiani episcopi; an (sic) non Finani Lindisfarnesnsis?

Day of Year

Feb 17

Calendar

Calendar of Adam King

Source code

Adam King

Author

Adam King

Source title

Calendar of Adam King

Editors

A.P.Forbes

Secondary Title

Kalendar of Scottish Saints

Pages

141-171

Year

1872

Quote from source

finnane bischop of northumberland and confess. in scotland vnder king ferquharde ye 2. 674.

Notes

On this day Adam King also has: Fintane pryor in scotland 973